MONOCHROME – F.I.A.P Definiton

A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey.  A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category.  On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category.

COLOUR – F.I.A.P. Definition

Any photograph that is not monochrome.  It includes a monochrome photograph that has been partially toned or had colour added.

NATURE – F.I.A.P. Definition

Nature photography depicts living, untamed animals and uncultivated plants in a natural habitat, geology and the wide diversity of natural phenomena, from insects to icebergs.  Photographs of animals that are domesticated, caged or under any form of restraint, as well as photographs of cultivated plants are ineligible.  Minimal evidence of humans is acceptable for nature subjects, such as barn owls or storks, adapting to an environment modified by humans, or natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves, reclaiming it.  The original image must have been taken by the photographer, whatever photographic medium is used.  Any manipulation or modification to the original image is limited to minor retouching of blemishes and must not alter the content of the original scene.  After satisfying the above requirements, every effort should be made to ensure the highest level of artistic skill in all nature photographs.

 June 2014 -- Three of the world’s largest international photography organizations have defined a common definition for nature and wildlife photography. The Photographic Society of America (PSA) which represents 6500 members and 470 camera clubs, the Fédération Internationale de l'Art Photographique (FIAP) which represents more than 85 national associations and The Royal Photographic Society (RPS) with over 11,000 members will all use the same definition for nature and wildlife categories for their respective competitions and exhibitions. The new definition will come in to effect from 1 January 2015.

Nature Photography Definition Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archaeology, in such a fashion that a well-informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation.
The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality.
Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves. Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.
Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement. No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted.
Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning. Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed.
Stitched images are not permitted. All allowed adjustments must appear natural. Color images can be converted to grey-scale monochrome. Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed.
Images used in Nature Photography competitions may be divided in two classes: Nature and Wildlife.
Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This
includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food.
Images entered in Wildlife sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above are further defined as one or more extant zoological or botanical organisms free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat
. Landscapes, geologic formations, photographs of zoo or game farm animals, or of any extant zoological or botanical species taken under controlled conditions are not eligible in Wildlife sections. Wildlife is not limited to animals, birds and insects. Marine subjects and botanical subjects (including fungi and algae) taken in the wild are suitable wildlife subjects, as are carcasses of extant species. Wildlife images may be entered in Nature sections of Exhibitions


A photograph of a person or persons that may range from a head study to full body length.  This section includes candid photographs and formal portraits.TIVE/EXPERIMENTAL

Creative or experimental photographs display a novel effect because of an unusual combination of objects and/or unusual viewpoint.  Photographs in which the images have been modified during or after exposure by using an experimental technique are also eligible in Creative/Experimental sections.  The photograph must always have a basic photographic image.  Digital manipulation processes may be employed providing the original photograph was exposed by the entrant, including any textures used. 



An image created in the author's imagination beyond what is seen through the camera's lens. This includes set up scenes, zoomed photographs, double exposures, etc. as well as images manipulated in various computer software programs. The final result must be all the photographer's own work, including the original image.DSCAPE/SEASCAPE

A Landscape is a photograph of natural scenery.  It may include evidence of man, people, animals, even part of the sea provided that none of these elements dominate the photograph.

A Seascape is a photograph of natural coastal scenery, a wave study, or a picture of the open sea, provided always that the sea is the centre of interest in the photograph.  People, boats, man-made structures or other items of marine interest may be present but must not dominate the photograph.  Large saltwater inlets are eligible. 

Inland waters are included.


Story telling photographs such as are seen in the news, media and periodicals, which may include documentary, contemporary life, illustrative, spot news or human interest.  In the interest of credibility, contrived situations or photographic manipulation that alter the truth are not acceptable.  The story telling value of the photograph shall be weighed more than the pictorial quality.


Concerned with the portrayal and interpretation of society encompassing both human and non- human subject matter.


Panoramic photography is a technique of photography, that captures images with elongated fields of view. It is sometimes known as wide format photography. The term has also been applied to a photograph that is cropped to a relatively wide aspect ratio.

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Last updated by Leo J. Estercam on 14 december 2015 15:01